When you are hiring for your company, it is important to stay on the right side of the law. Depending on your particular company, you may be in the position to hire minors. While instilling a good work ethic in young people is commendable, you need to be aware of the laws surrounding this practice.
There are both federal and state rules that determine how and when minors may work. According to the state of Texas, companies may not employ anybody under the age of 14 with the exception of certain agricultural positions and child actors.
What are the restrictions on hiring 14-year-olds?
Insofar as minors between the ages of 14 and 15, they may not work during school hours. They also may not work for longer than 3 hours during the school day, or more than 18 total hours in a school week.
In the event that it is summer vacation and school is not in session, a 14 or 15 year old may not work more than 8 hours per day or 40 hours per week. They also may not work between the hours of 7 p.m. and 7 a.m. if it is during the school year.
What about minors between the ages of 16-17?
Once minors hit the age of 16, the restrictions become the exact same as they are for legal adults. That is, there are no rules regarding when they can work as dictated by the school year. However, it is important for employers to be aware of truancy laws or local curfews that may affect how long young people may be out.