When you decide to hire a minor to work for your business, you must understand that employment laws are different for them. You will have many restrictions that you do not have with adult workers because of child labor laws.
As long as you understand these restrictions, you should find that employing minors is not a problem. In fact, many businesses can benefit from using younger workers. Plus, younger workers benefit from having employment opportunities with good businesses. According to the Texas Workforce Commission, the specific areas with which you need to familiarize yourself include hours and prohibited occupations and work duties.
The hours in which a minor can work depend on his or her age. For your employees who are 14 or 15 years old, the restrictions are quite strict and limit them to working after 5:00 a.m. and not working later than 10 p.m. if the following day is a school day. If the following day is not a school day, then the worker may work until midnight. These are Texas-specific laws.
Federal law states that outside of the school year, you can employ minors from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. They cannot work during school hours either.
Occupation and work duty limitations
To begin with, you cannot hire anyone under the age of 14, with limited exceptions. Workers under the age of 16 have far more limitations than those over the age of 16.
In general, your juvenile workers cannot have job duties that include driving, selling, serving or selling alcohol or any adult-oriented business activities. Beyond that, those under 16 have limitations to work that does not involve potential risks for injuries. They can work in customer service or in an office environment. They can make deliveries by bike or foot. You can also employ them in a restaurant kitchen.
For workers aged 16 to 17, the law allows them to work in riskier occupations. They also can become apprentices, which allows them to work in industries that include roofing and construction.